Name of City/municipality: Umm El Jimal
Population: 30028 (2018)
Area: 40 km²
Umm El Jimal is an ancient village in the far north of the country at 86 km from the Jordanian capital Amman, it is close to the city of Mafraq and close to the Syrian-Jordanian border.
Name of Mayor: Mr. Hasan Fahed Radi Alrhaibeh
Umm el Jimal is strategically located along the Trajan linking Amman to Basra or Damascus and Basra, and from Al Azraq through the Sarhan Valley to the Arabian Commercial Island. The city is characterized by the most impressive stone gates, known as the “Black Oasis”, with its large numbers of black volcanic stone. This historic city dates back to the Nabatian, Roman, and Byzantine era and flourished in the first century BC. Historically, it was at a crossroads between Palestine and Jordan.
Main economic activities:
The agriculture sector in the village is one of the most important sectors for the local economy’s growth. This sector has provided plenty of job opportunities for the citizens of the region and the village in the past. The livestock sector is the second sector after agriculture contributing to the local economy. Regarding commercial activity, the active commercial establishments are composed of a complete range of supermarkets, pharmacies, bakeries, groceries, clothes shops and other small commercial shops. Moreover, with the presence of the historical byzantine ruins of an old city, representing a one of its kind historical heritage, the tourism sector is also a contributor in the overall economic activity of the village.
Conditions and Environmental Challenges:
Due to the rural character of the village, the majority of the workforce is employed in the agricultural sector which has provided plenty of job opportunities for the citizens of the region and the village in the past. The municipality still faces major challenge with regards to the implementation of waste water collection network and treatment plant.
Climate wise, the summers are hot and dry and winters are cool with 150mm of average annual rainfall. However, Umm El Jimal is facing a dramatic increase in temperature as well as a decrease in its annual rainfall that is having a huge impact on groundwater levels affecting drinking water availability as well as for irrigation of agricultural lands and feeding of livestock, thus threatening the livelihood of the inhabitants and their sources of revenues.