The European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP)
The European Union’s European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) aims at bringing the EU and its neighbours closer, to their mutual benefit and interest.
The European Neighbourhood Policy governs the EU’s relations with 16 of the its closest Eastern and Southern Neighbours. To the South: Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Palestine*, Syria** and Tunisia, and to the East: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine (Russia takes part in Cross-Border Cooperation activities under the ENP but is not part of the ENP as such).
Focus on stabilisation
At the heart of the EU’s neighbourhood policy lies the stabilisation of the region, in political, socio-economic and security-related terms. The EU is committed to supporting the economic development of its partner countries, and to improve the aspirations, hopes and prospects of the local population, while keeping a strong focus on good governance, democracy and the rule of law.
A tailored and flexible partnership
Two key principles of the European Neighbourhood Policy are differentiation and ownership. This approach recognises the different aspirations of the partner countries in developing their relations with the EU. The EU and the countries set the partnership priorities together, focusing each relationship on shared interests.
The policy proposes four priority areas: good governance, aiming a fostering a just, inclusive and stable society with maximal respect for human rights and space for civil society; economic and social development, including the creation of job opportunities for youth, as key measures for economic stabilisation in the region; cooperation in the security sector, mainly in the areas of conflict-prevention, counter-terrorism and anti-radicalisation policies; migration and mobility, which tackles mobility on the one hand, and irregular migration, human trafficking and smuggling on the other. Finally, attention is also paid to energy security and climate action.
Funding for the European Neighbourhood Policy comes from the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI), with an allocation of over €15 billion from 2014-2020.
The bulk of funding is used for bilateral cooperation, tailor-made on the needs of each partner country, and based on agreed partnership priorities or association agendas, which provide the framework for political engagement and cooperation.
The European Neighbourhood Policy supports regional cooperation initiatives: The Eastern Partnership (EaP), The Union for Mediterranean (UfM) and the Cross Border Cooperation (CBC).
* This designation shall not be construed as recognition of a State of Palestine and is without prejudice to the individual positions of the Member States on this issue.
**The EU suspended all its bilateral cooperation with the Government of Syria and its participation in regional programmes in 2011.
Visit the ENP Website